Coming out of the ice-age around 20,000 years ago, sea-levels were almost 100m lower than today.By 7,000 BCE (9,000 years ago) sea levels were already about 30m lower than at present and were rising fast at around 8-10 m/millennium.
In fact it is probable that some of the roots of what became Hinduism came also with them.I would even suggest that the specialisation of functions (administrators, priests, traders, craftsmen and labour) that must have existed in the meticulously planned, water-resourceful, trading cities of the Indus-Saraswati Valley led to the foundation of guilds and a stratified society.That probably laid the foundations of the caste system which, in its perverted form, currently disgraces the subcontinent.Where they all went is mainly conjecture but it is likely that they “followed the water”.Some of the sources of the Saraswati would have diverted to flow into the Ganges.
Dating sider for homoseksuelle Fredensborg
The Indus-Saraswati Valley civilisation reached its peak around 1,900 BCE.It had been flourishing there for over a millennium from about 3300 BCE.Was this an ancestor of Sanskrit or Dravidian, or of some other Indian language family, such as Munda, or was it a language that has disappeared?Linear B was deciphered because the tablets turned out to be in an archaic form of Greek; Mayan glyphs because Mayan languages are still spoken.That would have taken some people westwards, back along the coast towards the then fertile Persian Gulf, some eastwards across the Indo-Gangetic plain and some southwards along the coast of the Indian subcontinent.
Quite possibly some reached the Bay of Bengal and others reached south India and the Indian Ocean. The Indian subcontinent had been continuously settled from the times of .
As for the language, the balance of evidence favours a proto-Dravidian language, not Sanskrit. Notably, sequential ordering and an agreed direction of writing are universal features of writing systems. Moreover, the Indus civilization must have been well aware through its trade links of how cuneiform functioned as a full writing system. What the Harappans wrote and spoke was not Dravidian itself, but it was very likely a proto-Dravidian language, which, with many other influences from what already existed in the South Indian regions they moved into, became the family of Dravidian languages existing today.
Many scholars have proposed plausible Dravidian meanings for a few groups of characters based on Old Tamil, although none of these ‘translations’ has gained universal acceptance. A minority of researchers query whether the Indus script was capable of expressing a spoken language, mainly because of the brevity of inscriptions. And it could explain why a Dravidian language can be found today in what is Afghanistan.
They hosted the world’s first known toilets, along with complex stone weights, elaborately drilled gemstone necklaces and exquisitely carved seal stones featuring one of the world’s stubbornly undeciphered scripts.
…Whatever their differences, all Indus researchers agree that there is no consensus on the meaning of the script. First, no firm information is available about its underlying language.